All About Alkenes

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IUPAC Names

IUPAC Names

To form the root of the IUPAC names for alkenes, simply change the -an- infix of the parent to -en-.  For example, CH3-CH3 is the alkane ethANe.  The name of CH2=CH2 is therefore ethENe.  In higher alkenes, where isomers exist that differ in location of the double bond, the following numbering system is used:

1. Number the longest carbon chain that contains the double bond in the direction that gives the carbon atoms of the double bond the lowest possible numbers.

2. Indicate the location of the double bond by the location of its first carbon.

3. Name branched or substituted alkenes in a manner similar to alkanes.

4. Number the carbon atoms, locate and name substituent groups, locate the double bond, and name the main chain.

Naming substituted hex-1-enes [edit] Cis-Trans notation Main article: Cis-trans isomerism In the specific case of disubstituted alkenes where the two carbons have one substituent each, Cis-trans notation may be used. If both substituents are on the same side of the bond, it is defined as (cis-). If the substituents are on either side of the bond, it is defined as (trans-).

The difference between cis- and trans- isomers [edit] E,Z notation Main article: E-Z notation When an alkene has more than one substituent (especially necessary with 3 or 4 substituents), the double bond geometry is described using the labels E and Z. These labels come from the German words “entgegen,” meaning “opposite,” and “zusammen,” meaning “together.” Alkenes with the higher priority groups (as determined by CIP rules) on the same side of the double bond have these groups together and are designated Z. Alkenes with the higher priority groups on opposite sides are designated E. A mnemonic to remember this: Z notation has the higher priority groups on “ze zame zide.” The difference between E and Z isomers [edit] Groups containing C=C double bonds IUPAC recognizes two names for hydrocarbon groups containing carbon-carbon double bonds, the vinyl group and the allyl group. .[2] AlkeneGroups.png

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February 3, 2010 - Posted by | IUPAC Nomenclature, Uncategorized

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